Cousin threat of a documented cougar argument feel because of the relative probability of cougar use within the analysis area, while the log relative risk stamina off confirmed covariate. Negative opinions indicate decreased chance, and positive opinions imply enhanced risk. Black groups into map indicate cougar compile cities
The newest cousin risk of good sighting knowledge is also implicitly conditioned to your where peoples products can be found; although not, which parts are unobserved and you may unmodeled, and therefore, worry should be removed when interpreting the effects of covariates on relative chance of a good cougar sighting. Expanding level (? = 0.46) and you can topographic dampness (? = 0.24) had a confident influence on the newest cousin risk of a cougar sighting, provided cougar selection (Profile ? (Figure4). 4 ). Just like conflict situations, being in a keen exurban (? = 1.18) or residential district/town (? = 2.60) along with improved the brand new relative chance of a sighting event. Expanding distance to help you highway (? = ?4.61) and you can increasing length in order to homes (?6.38) decreased the new cousin threat of an effective sighting experiences (Profile ? (Figure4 cuatro ).
Cougar predation on the home-based pet fundamentally took place components you to definitely cougars was basically selecting to own and you can in higher construction thickness elements collectively the brand new eastern edge of the research city (Contour ? (Figure2)
Relative danger of an effective cougar sighting knowledge, because of the relative probability of cougar have fun with, during the study town, plus the log cousin chance strength out of confirmed covariate, in a manner that negative opinions suggest diminished risk and you will self-confident thinking suggest increased exposure. Black circles to the map suggest cougar collect cities
Although some cougar secure occurred in the higher property occurrence portion along side eastern side of the study area, most was at straight down construction thickness portion on the west and you may central portions (Shape ? (Figure2)
Spatially, the fresh new relative chance of an excellent sighting feel is actually just like the cousin threat of a dispute event, however reduced heterogeneous over the surroundings, which is likely because of the nonsignificant ramifications of canopy, distance in order to canopy, heat packing, as well as the quick positive effects from height and you will topographic moisture (Shape ? (Figure4). 4 ). 2 ). Certain predation towards the animals and you will dogs did occur in all the way down construction occurrence section on western and you will main portions of one’s analysis city. 2 ). Typically, cougar assemble didn’t occur in places where cougars tended to rise above the crowd or even in dispute having human beings (Figure ? (Figure3 step 3 ).
Out of 52 people and you may fifty females which were caught and you may tracked within the investigation, 11 boys and you may thirteen female was basically advertised from the personal having disagreement choices. Of people, 5 was basically initial grabbed and you can collared because of dispute choices (3 livestock predation and you may 2 due to place) (Contour ? (Figure5). 5 ). Of your females, 9 was basically initial seized and you can collared because of argument decisions (step 3 animals predation, step 1 domestic pet predation, and you will 5 on account of location). A maximum of 24 disagreement incidents have been said for male cougars: fourteen getting livestock predation, 2 to have predation to your dogs, and you may 8 for using an undesirable area. AM13 is actually the actual only real male one to presented repeated livestock predation over a short time period, eliminating a good llama (Lama glama) and you can dos quick ponies more a great 5?week period then again going for a decade in advance of killing livestock once again. AM14 never ever slain livestock up to he had been 6 yrs . old and following is actually euthanized to have destroying multiple llamas in a single town over 30 days. A maximum of twenty-six conflict occurrences was basically stated having girls cougars: 7 to own animals predation, 2 to possess predation to your dogs, and you will 17 for using an undesirable location.
Timeline to own monitored cougars in at least one individual conflict knowledge right in front Set of Colorado off 2007 to help you 2016. Letters suggest a capture knowledge (C), a death read review feel (H: browse, N: pure, E: euthanized), or neckband elimination (R). Signs mean a dispute skills, which have overlapped with a catch otherwise death experience. Viewpoints at the outset of per row suggest age at first bring